The Constitution of South Africa
The highest law in the land, the Constitution of South Africa serves as the foundation for democratic South Africa, a country free of oppression and discrimination. According to the Bill of Rights, as enshrined in the Constitution, every South African citizen has the inalienable right to life, equality, human dignity and privacy.
South Africa had several constitutions prior to the current incarnation. The 1910 Constitution granted independence to South Africa from Britain, the 1961 Constitution declared the country a republic, and the 1983 Constitution established a tri-cameral parliament. All iterations barred black South Africans from voting and from political and everyday rights.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, South Africa narrowly evaded civil war and the country’s first democratic elections on 27 April 1994 were largely peaceful, stunning South Africa and the world. On 9 May 1994, after the ANC’s successful victory, South Africa’s first democratically elected Parliament met for the first time and the Constitutional Assembly began drafting a new constitution. All South Africans were invited to contribute to the process, which led to what is known as the “birth certificate” of the new South Africa and one of the most progressive constitutions in the world.
Preamble to the Constitution of South Africa
We, the people of South Africa,
Recognise the injustices of our past;
Honour those who suffered for justice and freedom in our land;
Respect those who have worked to build and develop our country; and
Believe that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity.
We therefore, through our freely elected representatives, adopt this Constitution as the supreme law of the Republic so as to
- Heal the divisions of the past and establish a society based on democratic values, social justice and fundamental human rights;
- Lay the foundations for a democratic and open society in which government is based on the will of the people and every citizen is equally protected by law;
- Improve the quality of life of all citizens and free the potential of each person; and
- Build a united and democratic South Africa able to take its rightful place as a sovereign state in the family of nations.
May God protect our people.
Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika. Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso.
God seën Suid-Afrika. God bless South Africa.
Mudzimu fhatutshedza Afurika. Hosi katekisa Afrika.